What is a Bond and How does it work?

Bonds are one of the more popular investment options. Understanding what a Bond is and how it works is essential for anyone interested in finance. This blog will explore the basics of bonds. We’ll explain their types, purpose, benefits, and how they function in the financial markets.

What is a Bond?

A bond is a debt instrument that governments, companies or other entities issue to raise capital. You are lending money to an issuer when you buy a bond. In exchange, the issuer will pay periodic interest and return the principal at maturity. Bonds are generally low-risk investments. They’re a good option for conservative investors.

Types of Bonds

Bonds come in many different types, each with unique characteristics and risk profiles.

Government bonds: These bonds are issued by governments and are the safest debt instruments because the government’s credit backs them up.

Corporate Bonds: These bonds are issued by corporations to raise capital. Corporate bonds have higher yields but also a higher risk.

Municipal Bonds: These bonds are issued by local governments and municipalities to fund public projects, such as roads, schools, and infrastructure. Investors can benefit from tax advantages.

Zero-Coupon bonds: These are not issued with periodic interest but at a discounted price to their face value. The investor receives the total face amount at maturity.

How Bonds Work?

You become a debtor when you buy a bond. The coupon rate is a percentage of the bond face value you receive as interest each year or every two years.

If you invest 1,000 in a bond with a coupon rate of 5%, you’ll receive 50 each year in interest payments until the bond matures. You will get your 1,000 initial investment back at maturity. Bonds can provide a steady source of income, making them a good option for investors looking to earn income.

Bonds have many benefits:

a) Consistent Income: Bonds offer a steady and predictable income stream via periodic interest payments.

Bonds are an excellent way to diversify your portfolio since they have a low correlation between them and equities.

b) Capital Preservation : Government bonds are considered safe investments and provide higher capital preservation.

c) Tax advantages: Certain bonds, like municipal bonds, provide tax benefits beneficial to confident investors.

Conclusion: Bonds play an important financial role and are a good investment for many investors. They can be a crucial component in a portfolio of assets because they provide predictability and stability. Bonds are a great way to help investors make better decisions.

Suresh KP


  1. What all should be kept in mind before investing in bonds?
    When should they be bought, rising rate of interest or reducing?
    why do these sites selling bonds charge higher price than trade value, aren’t they regulated by SEBI guidelines

  2. How it varies from FD? Are bonds much safer than FD. Assume I have a bond with a Bank and FD with Bank. During bankruptcy which is safer?

  3. From where we can purchase Bond ?
    What is RBI portal ? can we purchase Bond , TA bill, SG from RBI portal

      1. Yes. FDs are safe to the extent of DICGS Limit. But this advantage is not there with Bonds.

  4. please explain how to buy floating rate bonds of RBI and is it safe to invest in INCRED money MLD?

    1. You can buy through your demat account if they allow. Otherwise, you can purchase them through RBI Retail direct or designated banks.

      Regd Incred Money MLD, there is no straight answer. Will cover in seperate article in next few days.

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