Is Post office Term Deposit better than bank fixed deposit?


Post office Term deposit better than bank fixed deposit

Corrected: 20-Jan-2013

Post office Term Deposit better than bank fixed deposit?

Post office offers variety of small saving schemes. One among is Term deposit. Post office term deposit is similar to bank fixed deposit. However, there are several features associated term deposit offered by Post office.

What is Post office term deposit?
Post office offers term deposits for 1 year, 2 years, 3 years and 5 years period. Any investor who wants to invest a lump sum amount for such periods can invest in such term deposits.

Who is eligible to open?
Any individual adult either single or jointly can open the account. Group accounts, institutions, trust and welfare funds are not eligible to open the account.

How much can we invest?

  • Minimum of Rs 200, multiples of Rs 200 thereof.
  • Maximum – No limit

Penalty for premature withdrawals

If the time deposit is withdrawn from 6 months period to 1 year period, only simple interest rate would be payable


If the time deposit is withdrawn from 1 year, but before the maturity period, then while interest would be paid based on the interest rate applicable for the tenure the time deposit is there, one percent penalty would be deducted.

What are the rates of interest?

Below are the rates of interest. Interest would be compounded every quarter.

  • 1 year – 8.2%
  • 2 year – 8.3%
  • 3 years – 8.4%
  • 5 years – 8.5%

What about Tax

  • If you invest for 5 years in post office term deposit, you would be eligible for income tax exemption under 80C.
  • There is no TDS deducted on the interest.

Is post office term deposit is better than bank fixed deposit ?

Below are the major differences among these two

  1. Tenure of deposit
  • Term deposit offered by Post office is available for 1, 2, 3 and 5 years period
  • Bank fixed deposits are available from 15 days period to 10 years period. 
  1. Interest rates:
  • Post office deposit rates are between 8.2% to 8.5% p.a.
  • Bank fixed deposit interest rate varies between 7.5% to 9.25% p.a.
  1. TDS
  • For Post office term deposit, there is no TDS deducted by Post office.
  • For Bank Fixed deposits, TDS would be deducted on interest.
  1. Opening the deposit account
  • Post office term deposit can be opened only by adult individuals either single or jointly. Others cannot open the deposit account.
  • Bank fixed deposits can be opened by any one
  1. Safety
  • Post office run by Govt. of India, hence term deposits are 100% safe.
  • Bank fixed deposits does not provide any safety. However investment up to 1 lac in bank fixed deposits are covered under insurance. 

Conclusion: Term deposits offered by Post office and bank fixed deposits have their own advantages and disadvantages. Select the fixed deposit which is best suitable for you to maximize your returns.

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Suresh
Post office Term deposit better than bank fixed deposit?


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  1. I am going to retire  shortly. I could get retire ment benefits around 15 lakhs. If if invest this  moneyin SB or MIS scheme of any  bank, how mmuch I can get monthly as permanent income

    • Hi Varadarajan, Post office MIS scheme would fetch you 8.5% returns i.e. Rs 15L investment you would get Rs 10,600 per month (approx). Similarly if you invest in any bank you may get little higher. However as a senior citizen, you would get up to 9.5% interest in any bank which translates to Rs 11,875 per month. 

    • Santosh, Public Provident Fund (PPF) can be opned with post office or with SBI etc. You can get tax exemption u/s 80C up to Rs 1 lakh. Also the interest is tax free. Hence people prefer this as good investment option in  case of long term. FD’s are for short term to long term. If you do not want money for next 15 years and save tax and want tax free income, open PPF account and start investing.

  2. Hi Suresh,

    If i invest 50000rs in post office fixed depost for a period of 5yrs, i will get tax benefit of 50000rs for the current financial year only or i will get tax benefit of each year 50000rs for the next 5yrs?
    Whether the interest generated on the 5yrs FD in post office scheme will be taxable?
    Kindly reply.

    • Raja, It would be only for 1st financial year. Yes interest generated is taxable and you need to show this as “Other income” in your tax returns and pay necessary tax on this.

    • Hi Suresh, Thanks for your reply. Can you please explain on the below points.
      •For Post office term deposit, there is no TDS deducted by Post office.
      •For Bank Fixed deposits, TDS would be deducted on interest.

  3. Mr. Suresh, can you tell me whether my mother (68 years old) should deposit her money in post office or nationalized bank (say Bank of Baroda – Goa) for a 'fixed deposit' of 1 year, but renewable every year. Kindly reply.

    • Hi William, Post office offers just 8.5% (approx) whereas banks are offering more than 9.5% for Senior citizens. Hence you should go for nationalised banks FD scheme.

  4. I would like to know if i invest in po's fd than it will take 9 years for the amount to double right?

    and in other banks approximately 8 years! when i enquired about the fd in sbi they told me that any amount above 25lks would not have tax benifit (sorry i dont know how to put it in appropriate tearms)

    so i want to ask if i were to invest 50lks how much tax will they deduct after the amount gets doubled?

    please give me the step by step details on how to calculate tax and how to calculate the interest rates, for when they told me it is 9% that i simply calculated 9% of the amount and divided it with invested amount so it gave me 11.12321423 years so i thought it would take those many years to double up the amount where as in the above discussions i learnt that i was wrong.

    Thanking you for your help!

    • Sarvesh, 1) There is no limit about getting tax benefit. All banks would deduct TDS of 10% of interest if you have submitted PAN or if you have not submitted PAN, they would deduct 20%. If you are not falling in tax bracket, you can fill necessary form and they would not deduct any TDS 2) Interest computation would be simple. Opening balance x interest rate for that year. e.g. if you have invested Rs 100,000 @ 9%, first year interest would be Rs 109,000. However second year it would be Rs 109,000 x 9%. 3) To compute how much time it takes to double your money is simple thumb rule of 72 divided by interest rate or years. e.g. if you want to double your money of Rs 100,000 at 9%, divide 72/9 = 8 years. Means you can double your money in 8 years @ 9%. Similarly if you want to double your money in 7 years, you can divide 72/7 = 10.3. Means you need to get 10.3% interest if you want to double your money in 7 years.

  5. sir i want to invest Rs 50000 in NSC post office saving for 5 yrs. Can i get tax exemption ( rebate) per years ( mean contionous five years or only one year). and which is best for tax rebate for continous five years .. FD OR NSC                                                       THANK YOU.

    • Hi Manoj, You would get only 1 year tax benefit if you invest now. Bank Tax saver FD (5 years tenure) or NSC (5 years tenure) or ELSS Mutual funds (min 3 years tenure) are some of the options available for u/s 80C.

  6.  helllo sir   ,can any one tell me that in how many yrs take post office to double the amount ,and if i do fd of 2.5lk than what is return after 35 yrs pls give me a very specific ans and also tell me that i go with indian post office or a bank…thanks

    • Yadvendra, If you invest in post office @ 8.5% returns, your money would double in 8.5 Years. If you invest in bank @ 9% interest rate, it would be less than 8 years. You should choose a good bank and invest. Don’t invest in small banks. Also you can diversify by investing up to Rs 1 Lakh in a bank so that your deposit is secured by deposit insurance.

  7. sir i want to get monthly income from my investments , i want to invest 30 lacks rupee …is any tax in post office fixed term deposit ………..or is this possible to deposit this much huge amount ?

    • Basha, You can invest, but instead invest in various options like Bank FD, Post office Term deposit etc. I am planning to write an article next week about investing options which gives monthly  or regular returns. You can consider them too.

  8. Sir I am confused bw fd rd and po 5 year scheme as I want to invest 10000 pm in rd uf there is fd or po5 year scheme ill open a fd every month of 10000.which will be better in terms of returns including taxess

  9. Hi Suresh,

    Good article, I am thinking of investing in the PO 5 year fixed, about £20,000, as it is 100% safe. But on maturity how do we get the money back to UK in £'s

    Pankaj

     

    • Pankaj, If you are NRI, you cannot invest in post office schemes. If you have your spouse or parents at India, you can invest indirectly in their name. The rate of interest is already specified in this article, based on this you would get interest.

  10. Sir,my father want to invest around 10 lakh.He require a fix amount to be get every month.What would be best investment options available….with regards

    • Prasad, You can invest in Bank FD, Post office MIS scheme to get regular fixed monthly income. These are safer investment options for your father.

  11. Hi

    I am going to open a fixed depost account for an amount 40k. I came to know that if we select 5 year tenure for fixed deposit we can avoid paying tax for the amount deposited.

    Can someone please tell me what if I withdraw the amount after 1 year. Still it is acceptable and I will be tax saver for 40k

    Regards,

    Abhinav

    • Abhinav, Often people get confused about Tax saving options Vs Tax free options. If you invest in 5 year FD, you can claim tax benefit for the entire amount under section 80C in your income tax statement. However the returns from FD are still taxable. e.g. if you invest Rs 50,000 in 5 years bank FD, you can claim Rs 50,000 as tax benefit under section 80C (where max benefit is Rs 100,000). However, every year you would get interest on Rs 50,000 which is taxable and would be added to your income. I understand that some banks are providing facility to withdraw such deposits with penalty.

  12. Dear Suresh,

    If I deposit 30000 in post office for 5 years only I'm exempted from tax benifit?

    In my company Income Tax decleration form I see "5 Years of Fixed Deposit in Schedule Bank" option but for post office term deposit I didn't see 5 year mandatory. Could you please confirm.

    Please let me know which is best option and riskless to deposit an amount of 50000  to get good returns and riskless. in between what are these schedule banks?

     

    This is how I planned

    Exemptions u/s 10,17 & Deduction Under Chapter VIA

     

     

    Maximum

    Invested

    1

    Leave Travel Assistance(LTA)(Enter least of Actual LTA paid or amount spent for FY2013-14. Original bills, tripsheet, boarding pass in case of air journey,copy of Leave Card to be submitted)

    60000.00

    60000.00

    2

    Medical Reimbursement()

    15000.00

    15000.00

    8

    80C-Life Insurance Premium

    100000.00

    12000.00

    9

    80C-Mutual Funds

    100000.00

    12000.00

    10

    80C-NHB Scheme

    100000.00

    10000.00

    11

    80C-Post Office Term Deposit

    100000.00

    40000.00

    • Kishore, All 5 years post office term deposit of bank FD are exempted from tax, Re-check with them before you proceed. Scheduled banks are like any other banks which are also monitored by RBI. However their operations are limited as they are small in size. 

  13. Dear Sir,

    please advice for fix deposit …..how many year post office will take the time time souble amount.

    if you provide proper advice than i m interested for FD in post office

  14. Sir tds not deducted and tax free are two different things .Post office is also taxable at marginal rate of tax……

    • Harish, Thanks for the comments. There was an error which I have corrected now. I agree, Post office, they would not deduct TDS, however an investor need to pay income tax on interest. It is not tax free. Appreciate your feedback.